Skip to main content

About your Search

20121001
20121009
STATION
MSNBC 16
MSNBCW 16
CNN 13
CNNW 12
CNBC 10
KNTV (NBC) 7
WRC (NBC) 6
KPIX (CBS) 4
WBAL (NBC) 4
WETA 4
KGO (ABC) 3
WMPT (PBS) 3
FBC 2
( more )
LANGUAGE
English 131
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 131 (some duplicates have been removed)
MSNBC
Oct 4, 2012 2:30am PDT
research poll taken after the debate shows 67% of registered voters believe mitt romney had a better night. 25% said president obama. a cbs poll says 46% of uncommitted voters said romney had the stronger performance. 22% said it was the president. the headline in this mornings usa today, romney seizes offense on obama's record. romney takes fight to obama. after a handshake in the middle of the stage and talk of the president's 20th wedding anniversary, they got down to business with details on taxes and debt and what is best for this country's middle class. >> this is where there's a difference because governor romney's plan calls for a $5 trillion tax cut on top of the bush tax cuts and military spending that the military hasn't asked for. it's $8 trillion. how we pay for that, reduce the deficit and make the investments we need to make without dumping those costs on to middle class americans is one of the central questions to this campaign. >> under the president's policies, middle income americans are buried. they are being crushed. their income has come down by $4,300. this is a tax
MSNBC
Oct 4, 2012 2:00pm PDT
to romney last night. governor rendell, you have been in a lot of tough debates. i don't know what you thought. i guess i'm known as an obama supporter and i certainly wanted him to do well last night, and yet i don't get it. i don't quite get it. i thought romney's performance, let's call it that, was masterful. i don't know what the president was up to last night. your thoughts. >> well, i agree with andrew sullivan. i think he's right on in all his points and i agree with you. romney did -- governor romney was terrific last night. he did all the things he has to do to get back in this race, and i am also mystified at the president's strategy. you know, chris, i'm a good sports fan. in fact, i even do sports tv and i write -- >> i know you do. >> and there's a great sports analogy. when you play the perfect defense when you have a lead, when you try to sit on the ball in basketball when you have got a lead, when you play conservative, what often happens is you lose the lead. and i can't for the life of me believe that that's what they did, but that's the only explanation. they told t
MSNBC
Oct 4, 2012 3:00am PDT
-changing performance by mitt romney in last night's debate, republican governor of new jersey, governor chris christie. chris, you happen to be right. >> good morning, mika. good morning, joe. >> what happened, chris? what do you got a crystal ball? chris christie's krystal ball spelled with a "kar"? >> i don't think anybody else was paying attention. every time mitt romney had his back against the wall and they had a debate, he came out and had a game-changing debate. ask rick perry, ask newt gingrich. every time he's done it. and on sunday, i just came out and said exactly what i believed, which was i've seen this guy do this before. and i think he's going to do it again. and he did last night. >> what happened to the president? everybody's stunned. again, his supporters, i think, and it's so strange how the shoe is suddenly on the other foot. we republicans have been so frustrated that mitt romney's not been able to press our case on why the past four years haven't worked. last night you heard democrats so frustrated about the fact that the president couldn't press his case. i mean, why do you thin
FOX News
Oct 4, 2012 3:00am PDT
went for mitt romney. >> brian: when van jones said romney won you had a good night if you are rom romm. this sound bite is the strongest. we heard big oil accident tax breaks and busting the economy. not only did mitt romney attack this and address this, he grouped in and compared those alleged tax breaks with green energy investments with our money, listen. >> don't forget. you put 90 billion dollars worth of breaks in solar and wind to solyndra, and fis car and tesla and i friend of mine said you don't just pick winners and losers, you pick the losers, this is not the kind of policy to get america energy sescure. second topic you said you get a deduction for taking a plant over sea. i have been in business 25 years and i have no idea what you are talking about. maybe i need a new accountant but the idea for getting a break for shipping jobs over seas is not the case. we do have to bringg money from over seas back to. >> gretchen: that line happened to her. i got to hear that was to me, that is the mitt romney that a lot of people didn't think existed and wanting to see more of which
CNN
Oct 5, 2012 1:00am PDT
romney had a very good night last night and president obama did not. here's the headline in denver, where the debate was held and where this morning the hometown paper scores it round one, romney. the left-leaning slate.com's john dickerson calling it the best moment of mitt romney's campaign. obama supporter andrew sullivan calls it the president's worst public performance bar none of his campaign. "time" magazine's joe kline asked did the president send out his body double tonight. critical reviews across the board. it'she consensus and also the political reality now staring team obama in the face. there is also no denying that no matter who wins or loses a given debate, each side immediately tries to convince you and us that their candidate came out ahead. there's even that designated spin room, the one in denver, and yes, they actually call it that, the spin room. which is everyone's way of saying with a wink and a nod that we know that you know that we know that you know that we're trying to bamboozle you. again, that's a given. both sides spin. but keeping them honest tonight, there
CNN
Oct 4, 2012 1:00pm PDT
between president obama and mitt romney. the republican nominee is widely seen as the winner of last night's debate while even the president's strongest supporters now concede he was not at the top of his game. and now the president is back out there on the campaign trail. he's getting ready to speak at a rally over at the university of wisconsin in madison. we're goingo be hearing from him live this hour. but first, listen to what he said about mitt romney at a rally earlier today before he left denver. >> when i got on to the stage, i met this very spirited fellow who claimed to be mitt romney. [ laughter ] but it couldn't have been mitt romney because the real mitt romney has been running around the country for the last year promising $5 trillion in tax cuts that favor the wealthy. the fellow on stage last night said he didn't know anything about that. the real mitt romney said we don't need anymore teachers in our classrooms. don't boo, vote. [ cheers and applause ] but the fellow on stage last night, he loves teachers. can't get enough of them. the mitt romney we all know invested in
CNN
Oct 4, 2012 4:00pm EDT
] but the fellow on stage last night, he loves teachers. can't get enough of them. the mitt romney we all know invested in companies that were called pioneers of outsourcing jobs to other countries. but the guy on stage last night, he said that he doesn't even know that there's such laws that encourage outsourcing. never heard of them. never heard of them. never heard of tax breaks for companies that ship jobs overseas. he said that if it's true, he must need a new accountant. now, we know for sure it was not the real mitt romney because he seems to be doing just fine with his current account. so you see, the man on stage last night, he does not want to be held accountable for the real mitt romney's decisions and what he's been saying for the last year. and that's because he knows full well that we don't want what he's been selling for the last year. >> president obama at that rally in denver earlier today. very, very different from what we saw in the debate last night. watch this. >> the last point i'd make before -- >> two minutes is up, sir. >> i think i had five seconds before you interrup
CBS
Oct 4, 2012 5:00am PDT
with some highlights from last night. [ pause ] >> reporter: good morning. it seems mitt romney may have got the boost he was hoping for after putting the president on the defensive all night. romney you wanted to his own successes as massachusetts governor but highlighted what he called the failed promises of the obama administration. >>> reporter: the first presidential debate started with a handshake and a romantic moment. >> 20 years ago, i became the luckiest man on earth because michelle obama agreed to marry me. >> congratulations to you, mr. president, on your anniversary. i'm sure this was the most romantic place you could imagine here with me. >> reporter: the theme of the debate for president obama appeared to be that romney's plans lacked specifics. >> is the reason that governor romney is keeping all these plans secret because it's too good? >> reporter: governor romney spent the night attacking his record. >> you have been president for four years. you said would you cut the deficit in half. it's now four years later. we still have trillion dollar deficits. >> reporter: mitt ro
CNN
Oct 4, 2012 5:00am EDT
this morning and as the pundits were saying last night, i think that romney had from a theatrical perspective a great night. >> we have to wait to see what history says about who won or lost. the polls are crystal clear. 60% think romney won. on the issues, romney way ahead of the president also. who would better handle the deficit. 16-point advantage. economy, a 12-point advantage. taxes, 9-point advantage. across the board. >> i think those polls are snap polls of people who watch the debate. so i think that this -- i really do think that it will take a while to set in. you know, we have to know who watched the debate and who didn't watch. you know, we have other debates to come. but, you know, listen, i'm not suggesting that the president had a good night last night. i think he seemed very disengaged. he seemed very slow to react. and romney was, you know, had a -- from a theatrical perspective, had a terrific evening. >> you tweeted out, which was your only tweet, no offense whatsoever. >> yeah. >> so you agree. >> i found the thing that was most surprising was that the president really s
CBS
Oct 4, 2012 6:00am PDT
romney got the boost he was hoping for after putting the president on the defensive for much of the night. romney touted his own accomplishments as governor of massachusetts but continually pointed to what he called the failed promises of the obama administration. >> reporter: the first presidential debate started with a handshake and a romantic moment. >> 20 years ago, i became the luckiest man on earth because michelle obama agreed to marry me. >> congratulations to you, mr. president, on your anniversary. i'm sure this was the most romantic place you could imagine here with me. >> reporter: the theme of the debate for president obama appeared to be that romney's plans lacked specifics. >> is the reason that governor romney is keeping all these plans secret because it's too good? >> reporter: governor romney spent the night attacking his record. >> you have been president for four years. you said would you cut the deficit in half. it's now four years later. we still have trillion dollar deficits. >> reporter: mitt romney came into the debate trailing in the polls but that could change a
FOX News
Oct 4, 2012 3:00pm PDT
, carl. >> hi, brett. the romney campaign could hardly be more excited about what happened last night. in fact, since the debate ended, they say they've been getting two donations per second as a measure of mitt romney's success the morning after is general election debate debut against the president, mitt romney made a surprise appearance to a thrilled and leaved audience of conservatives. >> last night i thought was a great opportunity for the american people to see two very different visions for the country. >> he reiterated a new attack. >> trickle down government that the president proposes is one where he will raise taxes on small business, which will kill jobs. i instead want to keep taxes down on small business so we can create jobs. >> romney awoke to rave reviews across the country and democrats admit he delivered. >> virtually everything you said about my tax plan is inaccurate. that's the wrong way to go. we know that the path we're taking is not work that you're entitled to your own plane and house but not your own facts. >> quoting, though not by name, saying the middle
CNN
Oct 4, 2012 2:00am EDT
that governor romney had a good night. interesting to see what the poll numbers do. >> i expect them to, if not, we have a real problem. second thing, we should not forget this, he literally threw his whole tax plan your honor the bus. the -- as a followup. there is another debate, everything tomorrow, there is more shows, more everything, and i think the democrats are really, really going to jump on this. i never proposed any such thing. >> you're expecting team obama to go hard tomorrow. >> i think team obama knows what happened tonight. i don't think -- but i also think that this is the way this campaign works out. what happened tonight will play out clearly through the weekend to the next debate. so we should be a little -- little temperament in terms -- >> what do you think -- >> let us enjoy a good night. >> one of the things i thought was really interesting about the debate, including, of course, the fact that romney won it and everybody knows it, including obama's campaign energies, romney seemed like he understood the issues better than obama did. it was striking to me when romney said
CNN
Oct 3, 2012 7:30pm PDT
:32 for mitt romney. a pretty good night for mitt romney. expectations were so much higher for the president that he would come out swinging, but mitt romney clearly held his own, and all of the various issues, they went back and forth. we didn't hear some of the attack lines from the president, so many of us were expecting he would be making. neve heard him mention anything about the 47%, the controversial remark that mitt romney made in boca raton in a closed-door fund-raiser, didn't get him into the history at bain capital, exporting jobs. none of the issues of tax returns. spoke about the most important issues, economy, jobs, and all of what's going on. we're going to watch a scientific poll that we're doing right now to get the reaction of what going on, and we're going to see what that scientific poll says about who won this debate. we also had a focus group watching of independent voters, undecided voters who were there watching what was going on as well. mitt romney there with his family and some close associates, he seems to be pretty claesed with the performance that he did. as i s
NBC
Oct 4, 2012 6:00pm EDT
. >> reporter: a new mood after many saw a new mitt romney last night. >> let's get back to medicare. the president said that the government can provide the service at lower cost, and without a profit. >> reporter: in control, assertive. presidential. while barack obama kept his eyes and his energy low. >> it's very rare that impressionistically stylistically there's such a clear triumph of one side over the other. >> reporter: at a rally in denver the president admitted he got surprised. >> when i got onto the stage, i met this very spirited fellow who claimed to be mitt romney. >> reporter: later today at a huge rally in wisconsin, the president charged romney changed what he said on spending and taxes. >> he may do a tap dance and two-step, but if you want to be president, then you owe the american people the truth. >> reporter: some felt mr. obama owed them a better debate. >> he looked like he was tired, drained. >> i think he didn't have the practice. >> you more worried obama might lose now? >> i don't know, not really. >> reporter: obama strategists hint the boss learned a le
Current
Oct 4, 2012 10:00pm PDT
. this is all from last night's debate. watch. >> obama: governor romney and i both agree corporate tax rates are too high. i suspect on social security we have similar position. and governor romney and i agree we got to boost american energy production. we've made enormous process on drawing on ideas on republicans and democrats. >> cenk: it's a debate! this is not when you agree. this is when you disagree! it's a debate! so unfortunately, i had given mitt romney some advice on how he can possibly win this thing and i said, look, come at it from the left. watch what i said before the debate. >> i would attack from the left. you say wait a minute, mitt romney is not a progressive you're right. who cares. you think the media is going to call that out? they're not going to call that out. if mitt romney did a full attack on president obama during the debates from a progressive perspective, that would actually work. and he'd get to say what? i care about the middle class. think guy obviously doesn't. >> cenk: and i talked about the middle class. i talked about poverty banks etc. and then get a lo
MSNBC
Oct 5, 2012 6:00am PDT
at st. pete in st. petersburg, florida. last night a very confident mitt romney and paul ryan whipped up their base in rural virginia and as much as the romney campaign is determined not to cloak their actual fireworks it wasn't exactly subtle. >> last night was an important night for the country because people got to -- got the chance to cut through all the attacks and counterattacks and all of the theatrics associated with a campaign and instead were able to listen to substance. >> romney also picked up the official endorsement of the nra. we didn't know they weren't supporting him. whose supporters were of course a major presence at that very raucous rally. see all the orange there? the campaign is trying to capitalize on momentum with new ads releasing four over the last 24 hours including a new ad in ohio promising a million new manufacturing jobs and a testimonial from a former unlv star greg anthony a college basketball analyst for cbs sports. >> i voted for barack obama. i thought he would be a centrist. i really lost faith in him. i'm supporting mitt romney. he is a no excuse ki
CNBC
Oct 4, 2012 11:00pm EDT
, huntington bank, u.s. bancorp or key. take a romney kicker any day of the week. throughout the night romney repeatedly claimed he was the real friend of small business. even as we know saying something bad about small business has become the new third rail of american politics. this comment is typical. >> there was a survey done of small businesses across the country. said what's been the effect of obama care on your hiring plans? and three quarters of them said it makes us less likely to hire people. >> all right. let's take him at face value for a moment. small business truly gets a boost if you elect romney, you need some paychex. the company's growth is in the hands of small business expansion. obama bears take note. you might be tempted to short paychex on the democratic victory. but remember, you have to pay that bountiful dividend if you short the stock. along the same lines, romney claimed that obama's policies are causing an increase in the use of food stamps. >> the proof of that is one out of six people in poverty. the proof of that is we've gone from 32 million on food stamps to
FOX
Oct 3, 2012 7:30pm PDT
and values. if you like romney, it's a good night. i don't think the debate creates that much drama or interest in the voting population. >> cory, thanks so much for your perspective. we will see much more of you throughout the election season. thanks for being with us. >> there's a lot of response about the debate in the facebook page. cat u allen. >>> next thursday, it this time, vice president joe biden will face-off on topics of foreign and domestic policy. martha will moderate. we will bring it to you live right here on ktvu. we have stream tonight's debate live on ktvu.com. we will be doing the same for the upcoming debates. >>> simply amazing. the a's win the west in spectacular fashion. and we now know who they will face in the first round of the play os. it's the detroit tigers starting this weekend. if anyone would have told you in july, a's would win the west, you probably would say they are nuts. the a's pulled it off. brad english, where the champagne was flowing once again late this afternoon. fred? >> julie, second time this week. i talked to one of the age administra
NBC
Oct 4, 2012 5:00pm EDT
worried. their enthusiasm for their candidate lukewarm. >> with romney, before last night, i said, we're about 50%, 55%. after last night we're at about 100%. >> i was really pleased with the outcome last night. i thought mr. romney was -- he has statistics that just poured out like niagara falls, didn't they? >> reporter: but obama advisers know their target audience is undecided and swing voters. they quickly rolled out this ad challenging romney's tax plan wouldn't hurt the middle class. >> are we going to hold the governor accountable for his fraudulent positions? yes, we're going to do that. >> reporter: romney supporters are convinced their candidate has changed the course of this campaign and some are changing their plans, too. >> i'm going to talk to anybody i can, i'm going to call people, i'm going to volunteer at the republican committee and do whatever i can to help mitt romney win this election. >> whereas before you might have just cast your ballot? >> just voted. i'm really pumped up. >> reporter: the program starts here around 6:00. trace atkins is also here, but he is
CSPAN
Oct 4, 2012 10:00am EDT
guess is that an% were partisan-- that 10% were partisans. and i read that romney had a good night, but no evidence of change in the game. we will have to wait a couple days whether it changed the game. walmart sponsored focus groups with a democratic polling firm and others and it suggested that among walmart moms, it was a win for romney. the people in the group were divided between a win for romney or a tie. it says they were disappointed with the president's performance. they don't believe he made the case for our and other four years would be different or better. but it made the point that neither one of these guys really connected with voters on a personal level, but clearly the romney did a superior job of debating. so we will see a lot of reviews over the next few days. i think the key thing for us to watch is there's no question romney won the debate. the question is how much does this change things? in terms of national polls, he's going to get a few points out of this. but the more relevant points, does the move ohio and does he moved the swing voters in the swing states
NBC
Oct 4, 2012 5:00am PDT
us. thanks for getting up early with us. jim, a lot going on last night. romney was the aggressor, president obama doing a little rope-a-dope there. in your mind what kind of grade would you give these candidates. >> i'd have to say romney probably felt like he earned an "a." he seemed confident and assertive. one of the key things is he wanted to reassure voters he understood their problems and he from the outset from his initial statement, i think he did a pretty good job of suggesting that. he cared about jobs and the economy and probably passed the test of reassuring voters that he did understand the problems that we're facing. >> and now we are, what, 12 days away until the next debate. professor, what do the two candidates need to do between now and that next date on the 16th? >> well, i think obama needs to become a little bit more assertive, a little bit more aggressive. as the front runner, i believe he felt like he could just sort of coast a little bit and as the front runner not make any mistakes and perhaps maybe romney would make some mistakes. i think romney needs to
MSNBC
Oct 3, 2012 7:30pm PDT
strategist. what's your overall assessment? >> i think it was a great night for mitt romney. i think the doom and gloom that's been hanging over the romney campaign, republicans in general has lifted tonight. i think that the democratic advance which began literally a month ago when clint eastwood walked out on stage ended tonight. i think the race is going to tighten. i think mitt romney was in command of this from the beginning. i'm not sure that he lost an exchange during the entire debate. a startling performance in my view and just the context of how good mitt romney was tonight. >> i thought that in terms of individual exchanges i think what may have been most notable, there wasn't i think a single direct attack against mitt romney from president obama. however, they substantively dealt with policy matters. >> he was looking down tonight. he was passive. he was abstract in his answers. mitt romney was talking about real people, giving real examples. i thought he was clear. he was concise. i think the president was muddled tonight. i just wonder, we talked about this earlier. when you're
NBC
Oct 4, 2012 6:00am PDT
on the offensive, surprising a lot of people last night during that presidential debate. romney no doubt with thing so tight needing a strong performance to turnpike h his i around. the candidates talked about a lot of things. mainly taxes, health care and jobs. romney, he went after president obama on obama care, saying that plan will just kill jobs. president obama, he fired back claiming romney didn't have a specific plan to replace it. they also talked about their plans for education. the president says romney's plan would take funding away from education to pay for tax cuts for the rich. >> and to pay for it, we're having to initiate significant cuts and federal support for education. that makes a difference. >> i don't want to cut our commitment to education. i want to make it more effective and efficient. and by the way, i've had that experience. i don't just talk about it, i've been there. massachusetts schools are ranked number one in the nation. >> the consensus is round one goes to romney. these two candidates will face off in round two. they'll meet again on october 16th, but first we h
CNN
Oct 5, 2012 1:00pm PDT
how we know he's secure with his debate. debate night he talked about romney care, the plan he passed in massachusetts and the next day he went to sea pack and got a hero's welcome. guys, the base is okay. >> the counties in this country with the highest percent of medicare recipient are republican counties. of the 47% he talks about, romney will get half of them. >> 47% don't know they're in that 47%. >> they don't identify themselves as victims. >> right. >> congressman, the problem is the margin republicans ran with seniors in '08, that margin is shrinking right now. that's really problematic for states like florida. >> bottom line is politics is perception. people when they hear a politician say something in private like that, you can't really walk it back. you can't walk it back a month later. there's another number though that came out today, we're talking 47%. and that is 7.8%. can we quickly all agree that any -- the new term is unemployment bertherism. this is not helping, is it? mitt romney, anybody denying saying the department labor infiltrated -- jack welch, put a fork in
MSNBC
Oct 5, 2012 4:00pm PDT
slick version of the romney bot on wednesday night. this romney bot, they worked on him for hours in the factory making sure he had the right smile, making sure he seemed warm and sincere. well, who was that guy, michael? this is not a guy we had seen on the campaign trail for the last -- >> i can't even take any of this seriously. >> -- several months. >> i think, first off, the whole idea this guy is an empty suit, it's laughable to say that. he was the governor of a state, and he was very successful as a governor of a state. he was able to cobble together the coalition, something this president hasn't been able to do, quite frankly, to get his agenda done. >> why does he keep saying his -- excuse me. this one gets to me, and i don't like the word lie, but i think he's dealing in an untruth here. he did it the other night after being corrected by his staff when he did it on one of the sunday shows. he said his health care plan, such as it's going to be, will cover people who don't have coverage for a pre-existing condition and they try to buy a policy, and he keeps saying they c
MSNBC
Oct 5, 2012 2:00am PDT
is not. >> reporter: building on a momentum of wednesday night's debate, romney's trying to reverse his stance in battlegrounds like ohio where he's fallen behind. >> china has passed us in manufacturing. >> reporter: the president argues republicans are offering nothing new. >> it's not plan for our economy. it's not a plan to strengthen the middle class. it is not change. it is a relapse. we're not going to do it. >> reporter: the latest jobs report, cold, hard facts, certain to be the subject of heated debate. economists expected the economy added a less than stellar 115,000 jobs last month. the next jobs report comes out just four days before the election. >> will be an important one. all right, brian. thanks. >>> now here's your first look at some of the other news going on around america today. we're going to begin in new jersey with one family's dramatic escape from a fast-moving fire. the surveillance camera was rolling when a mother and her five kids jumped from their third-floor apartment. luckily there was a few good samaritan there is. they helped soften their landings. >>>
FOX News
Oct 3, 2012 7:30pm PDT
not sure a game changer, but a good night for romney, a little less so for the president. >> thank you. bret, at the beginning of the show, you were jealous of me because i was with the action and now you are with the action. >> yes. chris wallace has good analysis and he can pick good times. coming up, charles krauthammer on who came out on top. he joins us after this break. you see us, at the start of the day. on the company phone list that's a few names longer. you see us bank on busier highways. on once empty fields. everyday you see all the ways all of us at us bank are helping grow our economy. lending more so companies and communities can expand, grow stronger and get back to work. everyday you see all of us serving you, around the country, around the corner. us bank. helps him deposit his checks. jay also like it when mother nature helps him wash his car. mother nature's cool like that. mobile check deposit. easier banking. standard at citibank. mobile check deposit. easier banking. and get 3 years interest-free financing on tempur-pedic. but hurry, sleep train's inventory clea
FOX News
Oct 3, 2012 11:30pm PDT
but an interesting debate. i am not sure a game changer, but a good night for romney, a little less so for the president. >> thank you. bret, at the beginning of the show, you were jealous of me because i was with the action and now you are with the action. >> yes. chris wallace has good analysis and he can pick good times. coming up, charles krauthammer on who came out on top. he joins us after this break. music is a universal language. but when i was in an accident... i was worried the health care system spoke a language all its own with unitedhealthcare, i got help that fit my life. information on my phone. connection to doctors who get where i'm from. and tools to estimate what my care may cost. so i never missed a beat. we're more than 78,000 people looking out for more than 70 million americans. that's health in numbers. unitedhealthcare. ends columbus day. inventory clearance sale get 3 years interest-free financing on tempur-pedic. save 10%, 20%, even 35% on a huge selection of simmons and sealy clearance mattresses. even get free delivery! don't miss 3 years interest-free fina
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 131 (some duplicates have been removed)